A gum graft may be necessary to treat damaging effects of gum recession, or you may choose to have one to improve the appearance of your smile.
Gum recession happens when the tissue that surrounds the teeth pulls away from a tooth, exposing more of the tooth or the tooth’s root. This can cause damage to supporting bone. Gum recession is a common dental problem. By statistics advanced gum disease affects 4% to 12% of adults — that often goes unnoticed until it becomes more severe.
Many people don’t even notice that their gums have receded since it is a gradual process. However, an exposed tooth root can not only look ugly, but can cause tooth sensitivity, especially when eating cold or hot foods. Eventually, gum recession, if not treated, can cause tooth loss. To repair the damage and prevent further dental problems, a gum tissue graft may be needed.